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Common Law

Florida Statutes

Florida Statute Title I [1] Chapter 2 Title: Common Law In Force; Repealed Statutes.



Florida Statute Section 137.01 Title: Bonds required by board of county commissioners for county officers.


Florida Statute Section 137.07 Bond By Surety Company; When Required.


Florida Statute Section 137.071 Sureties Upon Official Bonds.


Section 905.395 Title: Unlawful acts related to disclosure of proceedings; penalty



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Bill of Rights/Bill of Prohibitions


Bill of Rights

Preamble to the Bill of Rights

*Congress of the United States

begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.

THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz. ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg Speaker of the House of Representatives John Adams, Vice-President of the United States and President of the Senate.

Attest, John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives. Sam. A. Otis Secretary of the Senate. *On September 25, 1789, Congress transmitted to the state legislatures twelve proposed amendments, two of which, having to do with Congressional representation and Congressional pay, were not adopted.  The remaining ten amendments became the Bill of Rights.

Amendment 1
– Freedom of Religion, Speech, and the Press

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.







Amendment 2
– The Right to Bear Arms

well-regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed.




Amendment 3
– The Housing of Soldiers

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment 4
– Protection from Unreasonable Searches and Seizures

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizuresshall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularlydescribing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.



Amendment 5
– Protection of Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.







Amendment 6
– Rights of Accused Persons in Criminal Cases

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.










Amendment 7
– Rights in Civil Cases

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States than according to the rules of the common law.




Amendment 8
– Excessive Bail, Fines, and Punishments Forbidden

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.





Amendment 9
– Other Rights Kept by the People

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.




Amendment 10
– Undelegated Powers Kept by the States and the People

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.



Transcription, formatting, and contextual tooltips provided by National Center for Constitutional Studies. Please consider supporting their work by purchasing a box of pocket constitutions here.


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Due Process of Common Law

Common Law


This video is about how Justice shall be administered in accordance with Common Law and from our God.


LAW. Is the written or unwritten rule by the Community to protect the Community.

Black’s Law Dictionary 1910 Second Edition.

COMMON LAW. Page 226 and 227. 

1.   As distinguished from the Roman law, the modem civil law, the canon law, and other systems, the common law Is that body of law and Juristic theory which was originated, developed, and formulated and is administered in England, and has obtained among most of the states and peoples of Anglo-Saxon stock.

2.   As distinguished from law created by the enactment of legislatures, the common law comprises the body of those principles and rules of action, relating to the government and security of persons and property, which derive their authority solely from usages and customs of immemorial antiquity, or from the judgments and decrees of the courts recognizing, affirming, and enforcing such usages and customs; and, in this sense, particularly the ancient unwritten law of England.

3.   As distinguished from equity law, it is a body of rules and principles, written or unwritten, which are of fixed and immutable authority, and which must be applied to controversies rigorously and in their entirety, and cannot be modified to suit the peculiarities of a specific case, or colored by any Judicial discretion, and which rests confessedly, upon custom or statute, as distinguished from any claim to ethical superiority.

4.    As distinguished from ecclesiastical law, it is the system of Jurisprudence administered by the purely secular tribunals.

5.   As concerns its force and authority in the United States, the phrase designates that portion of the common law of England (including such acts of parliament as where applicable) which had been adopted and was in force here at the time of the Revolution. This, so far as it has not since been expressly abrogated, is recognized as an organic part of the Jurisprudence of most of the United States.

6.   In a wider sense than any of the fore going, the “common law” may designate all that part of the positive law. Juristic theory, and ancient custom of any state or nation which is of general and universal application, thus marking off special or local rules or customs. 

      As a compound adjective “common-law” is understood as contrasted with or opposed to “statutory,” and sometimes also to “equitable” or to “criminal.” See examples below. 

Common-law crime. One punishable by the force of the common law, as distinguished from crimes created by statute. 

Common-law jurisdiction. Jurisdiction of a court to try and decide such cases as were cognizable by the courts of law under the English common law; the jurisdiction of those courts which exercise their Judicial powers according to the course of the Common law. 

Common-law lien. One known to or granted by the common law, as distinguished from statutory, equitable, and maritime liens; also one arising by implication of law, as distinguished from one created by the agreement of the parties.

Common-law marriage. One not solemnized in the ordinary way, but created by an agreement to marry, followed by cohabitation; a consummate agreement to marry, between a man and a woman, per verba de praesenti, followed by co habitation.



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Black’s Law Dictionary


1910 Black’s Law Dictionary 2nd Edition “Public Domain”

Click the link above to download a scanned PDF copy of the original 1910 Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition. This copy is fully searchable. Just download it and open in Adobe Reader X or later. Due to these features it has a large file size, about 236 MB. If you are using Chrome it may open in a new tab and initially load in the browser, then you can push the download icon in the top right corner.


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